2014 AP Month References, Resources and Research

Cherishing Parents: Flourishing Children

Child well-being: a systematic review of the literature

EL Pollard, PD Lee – Social Indicators Research, 2003 – Springer

A systematic review the child well-beingliterature in English was conducted withsearches in five databases to assess thecurrent state of child well-being research andanswer the following questions: (1) How is childwell-being defined? (2) What are the domains ofchild well-being? (3) What are the indicators ofchild well-being? and (4) How is childwell-being measured? This review updates andexpands a previous review of the childwell-being literature spanning 1974–1992. Results indicate that well-being is a commonlyused but inconsistently defined term frequentlyincluded in the study of child development. There are five distinct domains of childwell-being: physical, psychological, cognitive,social, and economic. Positive indicators areused more often in the physical, cognitive,social, and economic domains, while morenegative or deficit indicators are used in thepsychological domain. There is littleagreement in the research literature on how tobest measure child well-being.

Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, andwell-being..-f

RM Ryan, EL Deci – American psychologist, 2000 – psycnet.apa.org

… But a positive approach … We maintain that by failing to provide supports for competence, autonomy,

and related- ness, not only of children but also of … between basic needs set up the conditions for

alienation and psychopathology (Ryan et al., 1995), as when a child is required by …

Subjective social indicators and child and adolescent well-being

F Casas – Child Indicators Research, 2011 – Springer

This paper reflects on the opportunity to take steps in the direction of proposing international systems of subjective social indicators of children’s and adolescents’ well-being. In order to contextualize such a reflection, a brief summary of the historical and epistemological foundations of the concept of social indicators, and of some of the controversies associated with the research results during the first decades of its existence, is made. Such foundations, research results and consequent debates have mostly been developed considering only adult populations, but they are reviewed here to explore research goals in relation to children’s and adolescents’ well-being and to link these goals to political action and decision making and the evaluation of its impact. The lack of internationaly comparable subjective data on children’s and adolescents’ well-being at the macro level may be related, among other things, to the lack of political importance given to the younger population’s point of view and to the lack of consistent or convincing research at a micro-level indicating what data-collection instruments are appropriate for making cross-national or cross-cultural comparisons. However, at present, research on children’s and adolescents’ own points of view about their living conditions—although still in its early stages and very heterogeneous—is already showing rapid advances and even provocative and unexpected results, of which a few examples are given. Tested instruments are already available, but systematic data collection is still scarce, and comparable data to be used for international comparisons is infrequent. Systematic data collection of children’s and adolescents’ perceptions, evaluations and aspirations that can be used as subjective social indicators requires political will, associated with the conviction that such data can be useful for decision-making and for evaluating social change. An increasing international interest in children’s rights to social participation seems to be an opportunity to promote links with research on childrens’ and adolescents’ well-being, both objective and subjective. Having an overall panorama of all these elements may be helpful to guide debates on what research is still needed and on what are the major challenges to be faced when offering research data to policy makers and to the public opinion.

Pathways between social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and child resilience: What we know – f

MI Armstrong, S Birnie-Lefcovitch, MT Ungar – Journal of child and family …, 2005 – Springer

We contribute to the theoretical and research knowledge base regarding the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and the development of child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Little conceptual development has been done that provides a theoretical framework for studying the relationships among these variables. We identify key findings from social support theory and research, including the impact of social support on family well being and the parents’ capacity to parent, and the experience of parental social support in families with a child with a disability. We review the constructs of family well being, quality of parenting, and child resilience. Further, we explain the pathways between parental social support, family well being, quality of parenting, and child resilience in families with a child with serious emotional problems. Key variables of the model and the nature of their inter-relationships are described. Social support is constructed as a protective mechanism with main and buffering effects that can impact family well being, quality of parenting, and child resilience at a number of junctures. The conceptual model’s implications for future theory development and research are discussed.

Interpersonal flourishing: A positive health agenda for the new millennium – f

CD Ryff, B Singer – Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2000 – psr.sagepub.com

Quality ties to others are universally endorsed as central to optimal living. Social scientists have extensively studied the relational world, but in somewhat separate literatures (e.g., attachment, close relationships, marital and family ties, social support). Studies of intimacy and close connection are infrequently connected to health, whereas studies of health and social support rarely intersect with literatures on relational flourishing. Efforts to probe underlying physiological processes have been disproportionately concerned with the negative (e.g., adverse effects of relational conflict). A worthy goal for the new millennium is promoting greater cross talk between these realms via a focus on the positive health implications of interpersonal flourishing. Vital venues for the future include mapping the emotional configurations of quality social relationships and elaborating their physiological substrates.

Childhood Environments and Flourishing

TR Gleason, D Narvaez – Ancestral Landscapes in Human …, 2014 – books.google.com

… 1999). Page 356. 336 ChildFlourishing According to neo-Darwinian evolutionary

theory, organisms have three basic aims: survival, reproduction, and dispersal (Williams,

1966), and parenting typi- cally facilitates them. As Halton …

Human flourishing and moral development: cognitive and neurobiological perspectives of virtue development – f

D Narvaez – Handbook of Moral and Character Education, New …, 2008 – books.google.com

… In fact the most important protec- tive factors against poor outcomes for a child are caring

relationships with adults, first, with an … HUMAN FLOURISHING AND MORAL DEVELOPMENT

317 When students have good relationships with their teachers, they are more likely to feel wel …

Engagement as flourishing: The contribution of positive emotions and coping to adolescents’ engagement at school and with learning

AL Reschly, ES Huebner, JJ Appleton… – Psychology in the …, 2008 – Wiley Online Library

Fredrickson’s (1998, 2001) broaden and build theory postulates that the experience of frequent positive emotions serves to broaden humans’ thoughts and behaviors, resulting in accrual of resources, including coping resources, which catalyze upward spirals toward future well-being. Initial research supports the tenets of broaden and build; however, few if any, studies have examined this theory with children or adolescents, particularly in the context of school experiences. This study explored the role of positive emotions during school, coping, and student engagement among a sample of 293 students in grades 7 to 10. As expected, frequent positive emotions during school were associated with higher levels of student engagement and negative emotions with lower levels of engagement. Positive emotions, but not negative emotions, were associated with adaptive coping, which was then associated with student engagement. The association between positive emotions and engagement was partially mediated by adaptive coping. Results support the broaden and build theory and the role of positive emotions in students’ engagement at school and with learning. Implications and future directions for research are discussed. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

[HTML]The importance of parenting in child health: doctors as well as the government should do more tosupport parents – f

M Hoghughi – BMJ: British Medical Journal, 1998 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Three essential elements:  Care, control, development.

Parenting is probably the most important public health issue facing our society. It is the

single largest variable implicated in childhood illnesses and accidents; teenage pregnancy

and substance misuse; truancy, school disruption, and underachievement; child abuse; …

Parenting stress as a mediator of the relation between parenting support and optimal parenting

DD Bonds, DM Gondoli, ML Sturge-Apple… – Parenting: Science …, 2002 – Taylor & Francis

Objective. This study assessed the direct and indirect relations between 2 types of social support – parenting support and general social support – and optimal parenting. Design. Self-report data were gathered from 165 married mothers of firstborn 4th-graders between the ages of 9 and 11 years. Widely accepted measures of warmth, monitoring, general psychological distress, parenting stress, and general social support were used. A measure of parenting support from family and friends was developed for this study. Results. Path analysis indicated that the relation between specific parenting support and optimal parenting was completely mediated by parenting stress and not by general psychological distress. The relation between general social support and optimal parenting was not completely mediated by either parenting stress or general psychological distress. Conclusions. This study integrated essential components from the social support, stress and coping, and parenting research. The authors identify parenting stress as a mediator of the relation between parenting support and optimal parenting by focusing on the specificity of social support and stress in the domain of parenting.

Parenting stress: conceptual and methodological issues

M Östberg – 1999 – diva-portal.org

socialsupport was shown to have both a direct and a moderating influence on parenting stress.

Within the examined age-range (6 months to 3 years), child gender or age did not relate to parenting stress. Older, less educated and single mothers reported more stress. A higher stress experience was also associated with more caretaking hassles, psychosocial problems, high work load and low social support. Mothers with high stressreported more depressive mood and were judged to be more unresponsive to their children; they also regarded their children as more temperamentally difficult.

Chronic parenting stress: moderating versus mediating effects of social support.

AL Quittner, RL Glueckauf… – Journal of personality and …, 1990 – psycnet.apa.org

Social support in the transition to parenthood

L Wandersman, A Wandersman… – Journal of Community …, 1980 – Wiley Online Library

The study explored the effects of different types of social support on the adjustment of first time parents in the postpartum period. At three months and nine months postpartum, questionnaires were filled out by 18 fathers and 23 mothers who attended parenting groups, and 23 mothers and 24 fathers in a comparison group. Four types of early postpartum social support (parenting group, marital instrumental, marital emotional, and network) were related to later postpartum adjustment (well-being, marital interaction, and parental sense of competence). The results suggest that the importance of a particular type of support may be different for fathers and mothers. Parenting group support and emotional marital support were found to be related to well-being, marital interaction, and parental competence for fathers. Emotional marital and network support were positively related to well-being and marital interaction for mothers. Implications for the provision of support by the naturally occurring informal networks of family and friends, and by specific group support systems were suggested. The limitations of the impact of social support and its assessment were discussed.

Social support and parenting.

S Crockenberg – 1988 – psycnet.apa.org

[BOOK]The impact of parental involvement, parental support and family education on pupil achievement and adjustment: A review of literature – f

C Desforges, A Abouchaar, G Britain – 2003 – fug.no

The impact of marital and social network support on quality of parenting

RL Simons, C Johnson – Handbook of social support and the family, 1996 – Springer

Several decades of research have demonstrated a link between quality of parenting and child development (Baumrind, 1993; Maccoby, 1992; Maccoby & Martin, 1983). These studies suggest that a parenting style characterized by warmth, inductive reasoning, appropriate monitoring, and clear communication fosters a child’s cognitive functioning, social skills, moral development, and psychological adjustment. In contrast, parenting practices involving hostility, rejection, and coercion have been shown to increase the probability of negative developmental outcomes such as delinquency, psychopathology, academic failure, and substance abuse. These findings point to the importance of studies concerned with identifying the determinants of parental behavior. This chapter presents our model for integrating theory and research on this topic. The model identifies social support as an important cause of variations in quality of parenting.

Psychosocial correlates of parenting stress, lack of support and lack of confidence/security

A Sepa, A Frodi, J Ludvigsson – Scandinavian Journal of …, 2004 – Wiley Online Library

The purpose of the current study was to identify important correlates of parenting stress, frequently conceptualized as a mediator of suboptimal family function, and of social support and confidence/security, often regarded as buffers. Potential correlates of these concepts were assessed in questionnaires at delivery and at one year, in a sample of 16,000 families in Sweden. Predictors (1) of parenting stresswere parental dissatisfaction and poor child sleeping patterns; (2) of lack of support included lack of confidence/security, parents born abroad, single motherhood, and maternal health problems; and (3) of lack of confidence/security were lack of support and serious life events. Mothers lacking social support or confidence/security exhibited significantly higher stress. Although parenting stress is a complex phenomenon certain risk factors can be emphasized, such as sleep problems which appear more important than child health problems. These risk factors can be used both in efforts to prevent stress and in studies of stress effects.

The structure of psychological well-being revisited.- f

CD Ryff, CLM Keyes – Journal of personality and social psychology, 1995 – psycnet.apa.org

A theoretical model of psychological well-being that encompasses 6 distinct dimensions of wellness

(Autonomy, Environmental Mastery, Personal Growth, Positive Relations With Others, Purpose in

Life, Self-Acceptance) was tested with data from a nationally representative sample of adults (iV –

1,108), aged 25 and older, who participated in telephone interviews. Confirmatory factor analyses

provided support for the proposed 6-factor model, with a single second-order super factor. The model

was superior in fit over single-factor and other artifactual models. Age and sex differences on the

various well-being dimensions replicated prior findings. Comparisons with other frequently used

indicators (positive and negative affect, life satisfaction) demonstrated that the latter neglect key

aspects of positive functioning emphasized in theories of health and well-being.

[PDF]Moral Self, Flourishing and Competence: Developmental Relational Science and the Future of Childhood Studies – f

D Lapsley – nd.edu

… well the life that is good for one to live, or, alternatively, how to conceptualize ethically rich notions

such as virtue, thriving and flourishing in a way that is psychologically realistic for “creatures like

us.” The third question concerns the paradigmatic understanding of the child that is …

[PDF]What percentage of people in Europe are flourishing and what characterises them- f

FA Huppert, T So – IX ISQOLS Conference, 2009 – isqols2009.istitutodeglinnocenti.it

Children (but not women) first: New Labour, child welfare and gender – f

R Lister – Critical Social Policy, 2006 – csp.sagepub.com

… a child needs to lead a “good life”’, which reflect the concept of children’s well-being and

development in the UN Conven- tion … The New Economics Foundation’s Well-being Manifesto

for a Flourishing Society ends with the declaration that ‘all policy-makers should ask “What …

A Well-being Manifesto for a Flourishing Society

One of the key aims of a democratic government is to promote the good life: a flourishing society, where citizens are happy, healthy, capable and engaged – in other words with high levels of well-being. But in prioritising economic growth at all costs, government has lost sight of this ultimate aim. This manisto seeks to put well-being back at the centre of policymaking.


On flourishing and finding one’s identity in community

DB Wong – Midwest studies in philosophy, 1988 – Wiley Online Library

Positive indicators of child well-being: a conceptual framework, measures, and methodological issues

LH Lippman, KA Moore, H McIntosh – Applied Research in Quality of Life, 2011 – Springer

… survival (eg, life satisfaction). The shift to the development of measures of well-being,

in turn, helped move the child indicators field toward a focus on indicators of flourishing,

as opposed to negative measures such as deviance. …


A Attachments – … Well-Being: Spirituality and Human Flourishing, 2012 – books.google.com

… This trust, in turn, is significantly influenced by the child’s perception of the other’s

concern for the child’s wellbeing (Granqvist & Page 129. Human Flourishing in

Education I 119 Hagekull, 2001; Kobak, 1999; cf. Selman, 1980). …

Children’s Development in Light of Evolution and Culture

D Narvaez, P Gray, JJ McKenna… – … in Human Evolution: …, 2014 – books.google.com

Lifelong Pathways to Longevity: Personality, Relationships, Flourishing, and Health

ML Kern, SS Della Porta, HS Friedman – Journal of personality, 2013 – Wiley Online Library

[BOOK]The war against parents: What we can do for America’s beleaguered moms and dads

SA Hewlett, C West – 1999 – books.google.com

Parenting: Science and practice

MH Bornstein – Parenting, 2001 – Taylor & Francis

first issue:  Each day more than three quarters of a million adults around the world experience the

rewards and challenges as well as the joys and heartaches of becoming parents. Of course,

everyone who has lived has had parents; the human race succeeds because of parenting. …

Social Support for Divorced Fathers’ Parenting: Testing a Stress‐Buffering Model*-f

DS DeGarmo, J Patras, S Eap – Family Relations, 2008 – Wiley Online Library

Abstract: A stress-buffering hypothesis for parenting was tested in a county-representative sample of 218 divorced fathers. Social support for parenting (emergency and nonemergency child care, practical support, financial support) was hypothesized to moderate effects of stress (role overload, coparental conflict, and daily hassles) on fathers’ quality parenting. No custody fathers relied more on relatives compared with custodial fathers, who relied more on new partners for parenting support. No differences by custody status were found on levels of support or parenting over time. Parenting support buffered effects of change in role overload and coparenting conflict on coercive parenting and buffered effects of change in daily hassles on prosocial parenting. Buffer effects were more predictive over time. Implications for practice and preventive intervention strategies are discussed.

Parenting education and support policies and their consequences in selected OECD countries

B Shulruf, C O’Loughlin, H Tolley – Children and Youth Services Review, 2009 – Elsevier

Given the raised profile that parenting support and education is currently receiving on

government family policy agendas in many nations, this paper reviews the ways in which

parenting support and education policies are embedded within eight OECD countries. …

An effective programme is not enough: a review of factors associated with poor attendance and engagement with parenting support programmes – f

KA Whittaker, S Cowley – Children & Society, 2012 – Wiley Online Library

Does neighborhood and family poverty affect mothers’ parenting, mental health, and social support?

PK Klebanov, J Brooks-Gunn, GJ Duncan – … of Marriage and the Family, 1994 – JSTOR

What do parents feel they need? Implications of parents’ perspectives for the facilitation of parentingprogrammes

S Miller, K Sambell – Children & Society, 2003 – Wiley Online Library

This paper is based upon in-depth interview studies with a range of parents and explores their beliefs, expectations and experiences of parenting support. Three dominant ways in which parents viewed parenting education are identified. The implications of these conceptual categories or ‘models’ of parenting support are discussed in terms of their impact on parents’ approaches to parenting education and the quality of the outcomes. These interpretations raise questions about the nature and impact of parenting support. As such, they have significant implications for the development and delivery of future parenting provision.

[PDF]International perspectives on parenting support: Non-English language sources- f

J Boddy – 2009 – dera.ioe.ac.uk

Mapping and analysis of parenting services in England

M Klett-Davies, E Skaliotis… – … and Parenting …, 2009 – familyandparenting.web-platform.net

… To assess the needs and patterns of spending in Parentingsupport services in local authorities

in England. • To make recommendations based on the views of decision makers in local authorities …

findings Parentingsupport should be viewed as a mainstream activity …

Safeguarding children through parenting support: how does every parent matter

K Broadhurst – Critical perspectives on safeguarding children, 2009 – books.google.com

To judge by the attention given to parenting by UK policy makers in recent years, you could

be forgiven for thinking that there were few headlining social problems–from anti-social

behaviour on our streets to childhood obesity and falling standards in schools–for which ‘ …

Quality of life in adolescence: The role of perceived control, parenting style, and social support

F Petito, RA Cummins – Behaviour Change, 2000 – Cambridge Univ Press

The role of subjective well-being in positive youth development-f

N Park – The Annals of the American Academy of Political and …, 2004 – ann.sagepub.com

Positive illusions and well-being revisited: separating fact from fiction.-f

SE Taylor, JD Brown – 1994 – psycnet.apa.org

… based largely (although not exclusively) on evidence that people consistently regard themselves

more positively and less … variable side, it makes use of clearly agreed-on, well-established

indicators of mental … The effects of mindset on positive illusions.Manu- script in preparation …

Preliminary development and validation of a multidimensional life satisfaction scale for children.

ES Huebner – Psychological assessment, 1994 – psycnet.apa.org

… The independence of pos- itive and negative indicators of SWB is also supported by … For example,

SLSS scores correlate positively with measures of self-concept, locus of control … to, but can be

differentiated from, similar psychological constructs such as positive affect, negative …

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